Tennis elbow (also known as lateral epicondylitis) is a condition where the outer part of elbow becomes sore and tender.
Lateral eepicondylitis is an extremely common injury among sports people and manual workers where repetitive strain occurs to the elbow. There may have been recent changes in training or technique, note-taking or equipment used in sport or work. This strain leads to microscopic tears in the tendons of the extensor muscles at the outer elbow. These tears cause degeneration of the tendons and inflammation follows. Unfortunately over long periods of degeneration this inflammation becomes chronic.
Symptoms Can Include:
Tennis elbow can usually be diagnosed by a detailed history and physical examination.
It is important in assessment to differentiate local elbow pain from that involving the neck or nerve structures.
An activity history will also be taken, noting any recent change in the level of activity. In racquet sport players, any change in racquet size, grip size or string tension and whether or not any comment has been made regarding his or her technique.
There are two stages involved in the management of tennis elbow.
In this phase different treatments are used to reduce pain and maintain function. These may include:
This phase will include exercises to strengthen the extensor tendons and for posture correction. Return to sport and activity follows.
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